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Weak period (1933-1937)

Updated: March.6 9:41,2012

By Administrator,Nanptuo,Views:

Weak period (1933-1937)


In 1933, Master Changxing took over the fourth abbot and the dean of Minnan Buddhist Institute, but he retired back to hometown before his abbacy, then Master Zhuanchen took the position. In 1936, Mater Huiquan was the fifth abbot again, but to be acted by Mater Xingyuan because of Huiquan¡¯s absence. From 1933 to 1937, the change of personnel was so much that the general level of teaching and research reduced a lot. However, there were still famous masters coming to teach in Minnan Buddhist Institute, like Yinshun, Juzan, Hongyi etc. When Master Huiquan took over the fifth abbot, he also invited Master Xingyuan to actively reorganize the institute. In addition to hiring professors and enriching the subjects, Minnan Buddhist Institute was especially established with research division for higher level monks. And monks¡¯ allowance was also increased as a reward. For that, the style of study regenerated in all institute.

Suspension period (1937-1941)


July 7 Incident of 1937 broke out and Xiamen was occupied by Japanese, Minnan Buddhist Institute was suspended due to serious situation.  Most teachers and students went to Southeast Asia or hided inland. But the situation was completely difficult for those who stayed in the temple. Although Japanese were surrendered in 1945, Minnan Buddhist Institute was closed again because of various reasons. What was worse, it has never been reopened during further 40 years. From 1925 to 1937, more than 200 monks graduated from Minnan Buddhist Institute. During these 12 years, Master Taixu took over the position of dean for 6 years while Minnan Buddhist Institute was most prosperous. He brought up a large number of new Buddhist backbones who not only acquired knowledge of Buddhism with revolutionary ideas but also valorously preached Buddhism and benefited all living Beings. Minnan Buddhist Institute hit the headlines at that time, which became Buddhist institute of a new type after Wuchang Buddhist Institute.

Japan reign period (1941-1945)


At the beginning of 1938, Xiamen was ruled by Japanese. Japanese invaders weaken people¡¯s resistance sentiment by means of protecting Buddhism. In the autumn of 1941, the sixth abbot Juebin of Nanputuo Temple went to Shanghai to invite Master Daxing come to Xiamen, and then 30 monks were enrolled in Minnan Buddhist Institute after its reestablishment. At the end of 1941, Pearl Harbor Incident broke out and international circumstances were too severe that the monks were not in mood for studying. In 1943, Minnan Buddhist Institute was resumed when Master Huijue to be seventh abbot. It recruited 25 monks. However, because of financial difficulties, it cannot last long time and managed to reopen until Japanese surrendered.

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Weak period (1933-1937)

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